Monday, 19 November 2018

All Vitamins List and their Functions | No Limit Of Study

All Types Of Vitamins-:

Different Types of Vitamins

Vitamins-:

A vitamin is an organic molecule which is an essential micro nutrient that an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet. Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others. It is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second. The term vitamin does not include the three other groups of essential nutrients: minerals, essential fatty acids, and essential amino acids. Most vitamins are not single molecules, but groups of related molecules called vitamins.
First Vitamins Discovered by Casimir Funk in 1912

Vitamins Source

Vitamins are Classified in two Types-:

1) Water-Soluble Vitamins = B, C
2) Fat-Soluble Vitamins = A, D, E, K

Different Types of Vitamins and Their Functions-:


S.No.VitaminsDiscoveryChemical NamesDeficiency DiseaseSources
1Vitamin A1913Retinol (रेटिनोल)Night Blindness (रतौंधी)Orange, Ripe Yellow Fruits, Leafy Vegetables, Carrots, Pumpkin, Squash, Spinach, Fish, Soy Milk
2Vitamin B11910Thiamine (थियामिने)Beriberi (बेरीबेरी)Pork, Oatmeal, Brown Rice, Vegetables, Potatoes, Eggs
3Vitamin B21920Riboflavin (राइबोफ्लेविन)Glossitis (जीभ में सूजन), Angular Stomatitis (मुंह की सूजन)Dairy Products, Bananas, Popcorn, Green Beans, Asparagus
4Vitamin B31939Niacin (नियासिन)Pellagra (चमड़ा का फट जाता)Meat, Fish, Eggs, Many Vegetables, Mushrooms, Tree Nuts
5Vitamin B51931Pantothenic Acid (पैंटोथैनिक एसिड)Paresthesia (अपसंवेदन)Meat, Broccoli, Avocados
6Vitamin B61934Pyridoxine (पायरिडोक्सिन)Anemia (खून की कमी), Peripheral Neuropathy (नसों में दर्द)Meat, Vegetables, Tree Nuts, Bananas
7Vitamin B71931Biotin (बायोटिन)Enteritis(आंतों में सूजन), Dermatitis (त्वचा की एलर्जी)Raw Egg Yolk, Peanuts, Leafy Green Vegetables
8Vitamin B91941Folate (फोलेट)Megaloblastic AnemiaLeafy Vegetables, Pasta, Bread, Cereal
9Vitamin B121948Cyanocobalamin (स्यानोकोबलामीन)Pernicious Anemia (हानिकारक रक्त की कमी )Meat, Poultry, Fish, Eggs, Milk
10Vitamin C1920Ascorbic Acid (एस्कॉर्बिक एसिड)Scurvy (स्कर्वी)Many Fruits And Vegetables
11Vitamin D1920Calciferol (कैल्सिफेरॉल)Rickets (सूखा रोग)Lichen, Eggs, Certain Fish Species Such As Sardines
12Vitamin E1922Tocoferol (टोकोफ़ेरॉल)Decreased Fertility (जनन शक्ति का कम होना)Many Fruits And Vegetables, Nuts & Seeds, Seed Oils
13Vitamin K1929Phylloquinone (फ़ाइलोक्विनन)Bleeding Diathesis (रक्त प्रवाह प्रवणता)Egg Yolks, Leafy Green Vegetables

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